Hindi and English are the two major languages in Jharkhand. Hindi is the official language of the state. Most of the languages spoken in Jharkhand have a strong connection with the Indo-Aryan languages. These languages are simple to understand and speak. Interestingly, Angika, one of the languages spoken in Jharkhand has lots of similarity with the 'Cham', a dialect spoken in various other nations such as, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Cambodia to name a few.
Angika is mostly spoken in the entire region of the Santhal Paragnas. Quite a good number of people in Jharkhand speak the Munda languages that belong to the Austro-Asiatic family of languages.
Other languages that fall under this category are Mundari, Ho and Santali. These are the tribal languages. Maha Shivratri is celebrated in north, Top 10 Holiday Destinations to Travel in So how do you pick the best destinations to travel to in ? We have Subscribe Get the latest and the best on travel. Downloads Free Desktop Calendars! Stay Connected! Come join our interactive community. Jharkhand Attractions Ranchi Hill. Jagannath Temple. Shiva Temple.
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All rights reserved. Useful Links.It is sometimes considered a Hindi dialect. In addition to native speakers, it is also used as lingua franca by many tribal groups such as KhariaMunda and Kurukhand a number of speakers of these tribal groups have adopted it as their first language. Probably the term "Sadan" derive from nisaadareferring to an ethnic group of North India. Nagpuri belongs to Bihari group of Indo-Aryan languages. According to Dr.
Historically Nagpuri was lingua-franca in the region. It was court language during reign of Nagvanshi dynasty. According to them recogniton of hindi dialects as separate languages would deprive Hindi of millions of its speakers and eventually no hindi will be left. Literature in Nagpuri language started around 17th century.
There were also great writer like Pradumn Das and Rudra Singh. Nagpuri, taught at Ranchi University and other universities of Jharkhand. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Nagpuri language. It is not to be confused with GavariGawrior Gauri. Eastern Indo-Aryan language.
Language family. Writing system. Retrieved Archived from the original on Glottolog 3. An Odia dialect. Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 17 September Global Recordings Network. Modern Indo-Aryan languages. Doteli Jumli Nepali.
Garhwali Kumaoni. Punjabi dialects. Jadgali Kutchi Luwati Memoni Sindhi. Bhili Gamit Kalto Vasavi. Domari Khandeshi Lambadi Romani list of languages.Jharkhandstate of Indialocated in the northeastern part of the country.
Jharkhand is bordered by the states of Bihar to the north, West Bengal to the east, Odisha to the south, Chhattisgarh to the west, and Uttar Pradesh to the northwest. Its capital is Ranchi. Statehood was the culmination of a long struggle carried on primarily by the Adivasis, or Scheduled Tribes an official term applied primarily to indigenous communities that fall outside the predominant Indian caste hierarchy.
Indian independence brought relatively little socioeconomic benefit to the people of the Jharkhand area, which led to widespread discontent with the Bihar administration, particularly among the tribal peoples. The tribal groups initiated a call for independence from Bihar, and in the s they became militant in their demand. In the s, the separation movement spread to nontribal communities, ultimately precipitating the creation of a new state.
Area 28, square miles 74, square km.
The most prominent physical feature of Jharkhand is the Chota Nagpur plateau, part of the vast Deccan plateau that occupies most of peninsular India. Chota Nagpur, actually a series of plateaus, hills, and valleys, covers nearly the entire state and consists primarily of crystalline rocks. The main plateaus, Hazaribag and Ranchi, are separated by the faulted sedimentary coal-bearing basin of the Damodar Riverand they average about 2, feet metres in elevation.
In the west there are more than dissected but flat-topped plateaus called patsmany with elevations of more than 3, feet metres. The highest point in Jharkhand is formed by the conical granite peak of Parasnath, which rises to 4, feet 1, metres on the Hazaribag plateau; it is sacred in the Jain religion and to the Santhal people. Lowland plains flank the plateaus in the northwestern and northeastern parts of the state. In addition to the Damodar River in the northeast, the state is drained by the Subarnarekha River in the southeast and by the Brahmani River in the south.
A third major river, the Sonruns along much of the northwestern state boundary. The soil in the Damodar valley is sandy, but heavier red soils are typical of the plateau regions. There are three well-defined seasons in Jharkhand. The cold-weather season, from November to February, is the most pleasant part of the year. The hot-weather season lasts from March to mid-June. Rainfall on the plateau is generally heavier than on the plains. Nearly half of the annual precipitation falls in July and August.
Most forests occur on the Chota Nagpur plateau; those on the plain largely have been cleared to allow cultivation of the land. The natural vegetation is deciduous forest; Chota Nagpur is rich in sal Shorea robustaa valuable hardwood. Other trees include the asan Terminalia tomentosathe leaves of which provide food for the silkworms of the sericulture industry, as well as several trees that are important in the production of lac a resinous substance used to make varnishes.
The tree locally known as mahua Madhuca longifolia yields sweet edible flowers that are used to make liquor. Bamboo and bhabar an Indian fibre grass; Ischaemum angustifolium from Chota Nagpur supply raw materials for paper manufacture. Among the other common trees, most of which are found in the plain, are the banyan Ficus benghalensisBo tree or pipal; Ficus religiosaand palmyra palm Borassus flabellifer.
The Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary is noted for its Bengal tigers.
These endangered animals, along with leopards, elephants, and bears, inhabit only the more remote forests. Various species of small mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish are plentiful throughout the state. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback.Hindi is the state language of Jharkhand. However, the people of the state converse in a number of languages.
Most of the people converse in Hindi which has turned out to be one of the major languages of Jharkhand state. Some parts of Jharkhand state speak Bengali language. The Angika language is the main language to commune in the whole area of the Santhal Paragnas. Babulal Murmu is a renowned writer in Santhali language. Communication within this intricate linguistic group has generated multilingual people, with interface between various aboriginal groups.
Munda language is chiefly spoken in the Chota Nagpur Plateau, Jharkhand. The language belongs to the Kherwarian sub-group found in the Jharkhand state. It includes languages such as Korwa, Oraon and Paharia.
Paharia language has been looked upon as a Bengali—Assamese language and a varied Dravidian—Indo-Aryan language. The Dravidian languages include approximately 73 different lingoes, between which Korwa, Oraon and Paharia have pierced into the home of relatively a few residents of Jharkhand state. The People who speak the language has been spread all across the state. Almost all the main languages of the state of Jharkhand own a link with Indo-Aryan languages.
Map of Jharkhand in Hindi. Villages in Jharkhand. Capital of Jharkhand. Jharkhand Cities. Jamshedpur Ranchi Bokaro Dhanbad. Reach by Train. About Jharkhand.
Location Map. Physical Map. Travel to Jharkhand. Sex Ratio Map. Fact sheet. Assembly Polls. Parliamentary Constituencies. Lok Sabha Constituencies. Business and Economy. Ministers and MPs. Agricultural Map. Geography and History. Mineral Map. District Map in Hindi. Hotels in Jharkhand. Jharkhand by Road. Ranchi Airport. Jamshedpur Airport. People,Culture and Festivals. Language of Jharkhand. Almost all the major languages of Jharkhand possess a connecting link with the Indo-Aryan languages.
As a matter of fact, the language of Jharkhand has descended from three major families of dialects. These languages in Jharkhand are also very easy to master and convenient to speak with absolute fluency. Which States Share Boundary with China? India, in total, shares land borders with 6 sovereign countries.
Language of Jharkhand
China is one of those. Below are the Indian states which share borders with the country. Jammu and Kashmir This northern state of India is mostly located in the Himalayan mountains.
It shares a… Read More Which States Share Boundaries with Pakistan?Despite the large number of speakers of these languages, only Maithili has been constitutionally recognised in India, which gained constitutional status via the 92nd amendment to the Constitution of Indiaof gaining assent in In Bihar, Hindi is the language used for educational and official matters. Such state and national politics are creating conditions for language endangerments.
The number of speakers of Bihari languages is difficult to indicate because of unreliable sources. In the urban region most educated speakers of the language name Hindi as their language because this is what they use in formal contexts and believe it to be the appropriate response because of unawareness.
The educated and the urban population of the region return Hindi as the generic name for their language. Some linguists dispute the inclusion of Maithili within the Bihari languages grouping, stating that it shares more similarities with neighbouring Bengali as compared to other Bihari languages. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Group of Eastern Indo-Aryan languages. Not to be confused with the languages of Bihar.
This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Glottolog 3. Linguistic context and language endangerment in Nepal.Textbooks in tribal language, Jharkhand
Nepalese Linguistics — Retrieved 1 April National Portal of India. Archived from the original on 12 April Retrieved 11 April The Hindu. Die-hard Indian. Archived from the original on 13 April Cambridge University Press. The Indo-Aryan Languages.Jharkhand lit.
It is the 15th largest state by areaand the 14th largest by population. Hindi is the official language of the state. The state is known for its waterfalls, hills and holy places;  Baidyanath DhamParasnath and Rajrappa are major religious sites. The region has been inhabited since the Mesolithic-Chalcolithic period, as shown by several ancient cave paintings. In the 16th century Mughal influence reached the region, and it finally came under the East India Company in the 18th century.
After the Independence of India, the region became part of Bihar state. There was demand for a separate state in the region and the Bihar Reorganisation Act, passed in Parliamentgiving rise to the new state of Jharkhand.
In —18, the GSDP growth rate of state was at The word " Jhar " means 'bush' and " Khand " means 'land' in various Indo-Aryan languages.
Thus "Jharkhand" means 'land of bush or forest'. Stone tools have been discovered from Chota Nagpur plateau region which is from Mesolithic and Neolithic period. In the Mauryan period, this region was ruled by a number of states, which were collectively known as the Atavika forest states.
These states accepted the suzerainty of the Maurya empire during Ashoka 's reign c. Samudraguptawhile marching through the present-day Chotanagpur region, directed the first attack against the kingdom of Dakshina Kosala in the Mahanadi valley. He described the kingdom as Karnasuvarna and Shashanka as its ruler. During medieval period, the region ruled by NagvanshiKhayaravala and Chero ruler.
Several invasion took place during Mughal rule. Also there was invasion during region of Durjan Sal. The King Medini Rayruled from to in Palamau.